Wayback Machine’s Internet Archive Admissible as Evidence
Via The Speculist we are directed to the Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society (CIS) and their cyberlaw newsletter Packets Vol. 2, No. 3 containing the topic “Internet Archive’s Web Page Snapshots Held Admissible as Evidence“.
As written at CIS about the case Telewizja Polska USA, Inc. v. Echostar Satellite Corp., 2004 WL 2367740 (N.D.Ill. Oct. 15, 2004):
“In a pretrial evidentiary ruling, a magistrate judge [Magistrate Judge Arlander Keys] in the Northern District of Illinois held that “snapshots” taken by the Internet Archive that depict web pages as they appeared in the past are admissible under the Federal Rules of Evidence. The court rejected the arguments of plaintiff Telewizja Polska USA that the archived pages constituted hearsay and that the Internet Archive was an “unreliable source.””
The Wayback Machine is described in the Stanford newsletter as follows:
“The Internet Archive (IA) is a non-profit effort to preserve Internet sites and other digital media and make them available online. IA’s spiders regularly crawl the World Wide Web, making copies of web pages and storing them permanently in an enormous digital archive. Using the “Wayback Machine”, one of the Archive’s popular services, users can input the address of a web page and call up a series of dated copies, allowing them to see what the page contained at the times it was accessed by the IA spider.”
There are currently 30 billion pages archived from 1996 onward.