Wayback Machine’s Internet Archive Admissible as Evidence

Wayback Machine’s Internet Archive Admissible as Evidence

Via The Speculist we are directed to the Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society (CIS) and their cyberlaw newsletter Packets Vol. 2, No. 3 containing the topic “Internet Archive’s Web Page Snapshots Held Admissible as Evidence“.

As written at CIS about the case Telewizja Polska USA, Inc. v. Echostar Satellite Corp., 2004 WL 2367740 (N.D.Ill. Oct. 15, 2004):

“In a pretrial evidentiary ruling, a magistrate judge [Magistrate Judge Arlander Keys] in the Northern District of Illinois held that “snapshots” taken by the Internet Archive that depict web pages as they appeared in the past are admissible under the Federal Rules of Evidence. The court rejected the arguments of plaintiff Telewizja Polska USA that the archived pages constituted hearsay and that the Internet Archive was an “unreliable source.””

The Wayback Machine is described in the Stanford newsletter as follows:

“The Internet Archive (IA) is a non-profit effort to preserve Internet sites and other digital media and make them available online. IA’s spiders regularly crawl the World Wide Web, making copies of web pages and storing them permanently in an enormous digital archive. Using the “Wayback Machine”, one of the Archive’s popular services, users can input the address of a web page and call up a series of dated copies, allowing them to see what the page contained at the times it was accessed by the IA spider.”

There are currently 30 billion pages archived from 1996 onward.

Roland Collection of Videos & Films on Art

Roland Collection of Videos & Films on Art

We ran across this website by chance.

The Roland Collection of Videos & Films on Art is a tremendous “pay to buy” collection of art films and art videos – all titles are available for sale – but the site also offers free viewing of 450 complete films on-line. Available by art period are:

Early Cultures

First Civilisations


Pre-Columbian America

Romanesque and Gothic

Renaissance and Mannerism

Northern Renaissance


Baroque and Rococo

Neo-classicists and Romantics

The Victorians

Impressionists and Post Impressionists

Art Nouveau


Cubism and Futurism

Into Abstraction

The Bauhaus and De Stijl

Dada and Surrealism

Modern Masters

Modern and Contemporary Sculptors

Contemporary Painters

New Directions – New Dimensions

Modern Architecture and Design

Unfortunately, surely in order to urge the viewer to buy the original quality video or film, online quality is only top at “100%” – a very small screen size (though the films and videos are also viewable at e.g. 300% or larger screen size). Pull the right lower edge of the RealPlayer display to play with size.

Still, it is terrific stuff, e.g. take a look at Tassili N’Ajjer – Prehistoric Rock Paintings of the Sahara.