Master of Laws (LL.M.) at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University : Only Non-Law School in the USA to Offer This Program

The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts offers a Master of Laws (LL.M.) for legal professionals tracking for or expanding their credentials to Public International Law, International Business Law or International Economic Law. As written at their website:

The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, the oldest graduate school of international affairs in the United States, announces the launch of a Master of Laws (LL.M.) Degree in international law. Fletcher’s LL.M. is a post-graduate, full-time academic degree for legal professionals. Fletcher is the only non-law school in the United States to offer this type of program, which is an ideal complement to A.B.A.-accredited programs and a superior learning experience for those developing legal, academic, business, NGO and political careers.

Read more at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.

Langenscheidt Dictionary of Business, Commerce and Finance English-German German-English published by licence agreement with Routledge Ltd, London

The definitive two-way Langenscheidt Dictionary of Business, Commerce and Finance (German-English English-German), now in its 3rd edition and published by license agreement with Routledge Ltd, London (“licence” in the UK) , and of which I am one of four co-authors, has a new link in English here, and I have changed the corresponding links on the LawPundit website which previously led only to the German-language page at Langenscheidt.

One reason that I am making this posting is that a random search of some library catalogues online indicates that there are still many libraries that do not have this essential resource, and if they do have it, they often have the totally outdated original 1997/1998 version which has been totally revised by us in the interim, and this includes the deletion of outdated entries. Even the Harvard Library has only the substantially improved 2002/2003 edition, but this runs only 1206 pages as compared to the 1440 page 2007/2008 edition. (Publication years vary because of CD-ROM versions etc.)

Especially in our contemporary fast-moving era of digital technology, five years of development are often like fifty or a hundred years only a decade ago. For example, SMS “texting” only really started in 1999, when SMS messages could first be sent between networks. The first BlackBerry integrating a cell phone was introduced in 2001. (A “cell phone”, by the way, is called a “mobile phone” in the UK and a “Handy” in Germany – go figure). The current 3G mobile phone system, without which modern mobile phones could not do what they do, took off only in 2004.

The speed of change is shown by the development of online social networking. The social online network Friendster and also Plaxo Contacts were launched in 2002 and followed by MySpace (see U.S. President Obama’s MySpace) and also the social business network LinkedIn in 2003, with the now most popular Facebook launched in 2004 and opened to the general public only in 2006. Twitter took off in 2007 and even U.S. President Obama used it before his inauguration in 2009. Tremendous changes as a result are taking place in the way social and business relationships are taking place – in the shortest span of time. In order not be overwhelmed, one has to keep up.

In a multilingual context, it is absolutely indispensable to have the most recent editions of state-of-the-art dictionaries, and believe you me, even we have trouble keeping up.

The German title of our English-German German-English Dictionary of Business, Commerce and Finance is Fachwörterbuch Wirtschaft Handel und Finanzen Deutsch-Englisch Englisch-Deutsch.

This dictionary is intended to be a comprehensive, up-to-date standard work and reference for business and legal professionals, for companies and institutions involved with Germany in business, commercial, financial and political affairs, as well as for specialist translators. Special attention has been paid to the integration of entries dealing with digital technology and the European Union. The 3rd edition now contains approximately 136,000 entries and updates are made annually to the CD-ROM version of the dictionary, which is fully searchable from one’s desktop. New entries derive inter alia from personal experience and also the reading of cutting edge literature in the respective fields and that is why this dictionary is always one step ahead of the competition.

  • The chief author/editor is: Ludwig Merz (professional translator and university Lecturer in economics and business administration)

The co-authors are:

The fields covered (here by keyword) are: general commercial language, banking, taxation, education, the stock market, computers & the Internet, finance, leisure & tourism, property, import/export, industry in general, communications, management, media, patents, personnel management, politics, accounting, law, social security, statistics & mathematics, transport & logistics, environment, sales & marketing, insurance, administration, economics & business administration.

The Appendix contains business correspondence and documents, job titles used in commerce and management, International Standard Classification of Occupations, financial and economic indicators, cardinal and ordinal numbers, a list of countries, statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community (NACE), and Incoterms 2000.

For the librarians in our readership: the entry for the main library catalogue in German is found at the DNB (Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, German National Library).

Otherwise, I have put up the essential library data at Good Reads, and it can also be found at Langenscheidt.

Dictionaries are not archives but living, useful, often daily consulted documents. Put this dictionary on your desk, on your active shelf, or, if you are a library, in your reading room. Much of what you don’t find online for English-German or German-English translations, is in this volume. Not everything …. but we are constantly working on it.

Conference May 21, 2009 at Stanford University : Advancing Socially and Environmentally Responsible Supply Chains: Innovation, Integration, Incentives

The Global Supply Chain Management Forum and the Center for Social Innovation at the Stanford Graduate School of Business are presenting a conference, Thursday, May 21, 2009 on Advancing Socially and Environmentally Responsible Supply Chains: Innovation, Integration, Incentives.


The conference is open to and directed toward:

  • Corporate Leaders
  • Nonprofit Leaders
  • Policymakers
  • Academics

The speakers are (photos, text and format by the Stanford Alumni mail service):

“Unveiling 2009 Conference Speakers

Cisco Systems, Inc., C. Kevin Harrington, Vice President, Global Business Operations, Customer Value Chain Management
Kevin is responsible for core, cross-functional supply chain functions, including strategic planning, risk management, compliance, leadership development, business intelligence, strategic communications, acquisition integration, organizational change management, global capability and market intelligence. He oversees Cisco’s green initiatives, social responsibility and collaboration programs, and the integration of these efforts across Cisco’s supply chain.
Hewlett-Packard, Judy Glazer, Director for Global Social and Environmental Responsibility Operations
Judy Glazer’s role at HP is to drive programs that implement SER policy into HP’s products and supply chain, from design and materials through manufacturing, distribution and end-of-life. This charter includes HP’s programs to measure and reduce the carbon footprint of HP’s ~$50B supply chain and implementation of HP’s supply chain code of conduct. Glazer joined Hewlett-Packard in 1989 and has held a variety of supply chain and engineering roles.
Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs, Ma Jun, Director and Founder
Ma Jun began his environmental research in the 1990s, when he worked for South China Morning Post and published a book on China’s water crisis. Ma Jun worked as an environmental consultant and then a Yale World Fellow from 2002 to 2005. He is the Founding Director of IPE (Institute of Public and Environmental Affairs), which developed the China Water Pollution Map and China Air Pollution Map. Ma Jun was named a 2006 Green China Man of the Year.
Intel, Gary Niekerk, Director of Corporate Social Responsibility
Gary Niekerk has spent over twenty years working with employees, customers, and stakeholders on sustainability and reputation issues in his effort to protect and build the brands of some of the world’s leading high-tech companies. Gary has worked for Hewlett-Packard, Apple and Intel Corporation where he has spent the past 14 years. Gary’s current position is Senior Manager, Corporate Responsibility in Intel’s Global Corporate Affairs organization.
PepsiCo, Tim Carey, Director of Sustainability & Technology
Tim Carey is responsible for developing PepsiCo Chicago’s sustainability vision and strategy and ensuring that the businesses continuously improve. Tim’s team also constructs new manufacturing facilities and recently completed the two largest LEED Gold certified food and beverage plants in the world. For more than 20 years, Tim has developed and implemented social and environmental sustainability initiatives and programs at Hewlett Packard and Warren Buffet’s building materials company.
Riders for Health, Andrea Coleman, Chief Executive Officer and Joint Founder
As an ex motorcycle-racer and operations director for Team Castrol-Herron, Andrea used her long experience and knowledge of the motorcycling community to devise an innovative fundraising strategy to support the development of Riders field programs. Andrea guided the financial and funding development of Riders and it was awarded ‘Charity of the Year’ by Charity Finance Magazine for 2001. In 2002 Riders won funding in the World Bank Development Marketplace competition.
Safeway, Linda Nordgren, Group Vice President Supply Chain, Strategic Sourcing & Operations
Linda Nordgren is the Group Vice President for Procurement, Strategic Sourcing and Supply Chain Strategies for Safeway, Inc. responsible for all Global Strategic Sourcing of raw materials, packaging, finished goods for Safeway’s 33 Manufacturing Plants and the Supply Chain Performance of Safeway’s supply chain network of 1800 retail stores and 14 distribution centers. She has been with Safeway for 20 years holding several Marketing Director positions including Systems, Business Processes, B2B and Supply Chain.
The Dow Chemical Company, David E. Kepler, Executive Vice President, Chief Sustainability Officer, Chief Information Officer, Corporate Director of Shared Services
Dave Kepler has global responsibility for functions including Customer Service; Information Systems; Purchasing; Six Sigma; Supply Chain; Work Process Improvement; and Environment, Health and Safety (EH&S). Kepler is responsible for guiding the sustainable business development of the company and is charged with leading Dow’s Set the Standard for Sustainability.
Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment, Larry Wilk, Vice President, Worldwide Operations and Green Ambassador, DEG
Larry Wilk currently leads Disney’s efforts to expand the strategic use of low-cost country sourcing, leveraging key learnings from the successful development of Hong Kong Disneyland. For the prior five years, he was responsible at HKDL for Logistics & Operations Services (Distribution, Costuming, Custodial, and Outsourcing) & Operations Development – Back of House. Since 1985, Wilk has been involved with lead distribution, planning, and systems.


Toward the Rule of Law in Russia and Eastern Europe : Dietrich André Loeber : Augusts Lebers : Latvian Supreme Court : Mentzendorff House : Riga

This posting follows thematically in the footsteps of the previous LawPundit posting.

In the year 1974, I left my position as an associate with Paul, Weiss in the United States to come to Europe, heeding the call to work together with the late Professor Dietrich André Loeber at the University of Kiel Law School in Germany, where Loeber, later Dean of the Law School, was the Director of what was then called the “Institut für Recht, Politik und Gesellschaft der sozialistischen Staaten” (Institute for the Study of Law, Politics and Society of the Socialist States) , in short, “Institut für Ostrecht” (literally, Institute for “East Law”), which is now the “Institut für Osteuropäisches Recht (Institute of East European Law).

The current Institute is surely a much different institution than it was in my years there (1974-1979), when members and staff included Prof. Dr. Youn-Soo Kim (see also Kim), Dr. Teresa Pusylewitsch, Liselotte Rawengel, and Heike Pagels, all deceased, as also Rainer Wiechert, Dagmar Hederich (geb. Heusinger von Waldegge), and Waltraud Knoche, in addition to numerous visiting scholars from America, the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Professor Dr. Wolfgang Seiffert succeeded Loeber as Director of the Institute in 1989. Loeber passed away in June of 2004 – see the wonderful biography (in German) by Gert von Pistohlkors of Göttingen and Seiffert passed away in January of 2009. Loeber and I stayed closely in touch over the years and I attended his 70th birthday celebration in Hamburg in 1994.

Very few persons who knew me in 1974 understood my move to Germany to work at Loeber’s Institute, giving up a great potential career at a major law firm and turning down an offer to join a law faculty in the USA. Then, as now, the mainstream legal community in the United States and in Europe has little conception of the importance of the work that was done, two decades prior to – but in clear anticipation of – the coming of a man like Gorbachev. See, in this regard:

Law and the Gorbachev Era: Essays in Honor of Dietrich André Loeber
, edited by Donald D. Barry, published by Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff. 1988. xix + 426 pp. inc. index, ISBN 9024736781 and 9789024736782, and reviewed by Bernard Rudden (1990) at the International & Comparative Law Quarterly, 39, p. 500, doi:10.1093/iclqaj/39.2.500.

Loeber’s father, “Senators Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. August Loeber,” had been a Justice of the Latvian Supreme Court (Latvian: then Senāts, today Augstākā Tiesa) between the two world wars. Indeed, as I discovered in the course of my research, Augusts Lebers (here with photograph), in terms of the number, extent and importance of judicial opinions issued by the Latvian Supreme Court in that period, was its most productive member.

[In terms of linguistics, by the way, the Latvian root “sen-” means “long ago, old” so that the Latvian Senāts as a court of course has the same Indo-European root word origin as the legislative United States Senate, as a congregation of wise men, i.e. “council of elders“.]

In this connection, among many other things, during my sojourn in Kiel, Dietrich Andre Loeber and I selected and organized important decisions of the Latvian Supreme Court from an enormous corpus of case materials from which the most important decisions were translated into English. Loeber’s 1995 publication Latvijas Senats, 1918-1940: Raditaji Latvijas Senata Spriedumu Krajumiem, ISBN 10: 9984908208 and ISBN 13: 9789984908205, was related to this work.

Loeber’s father’s wife was Emilie Mentzendorff, and Dietrich Andre Loeber was the philanthropist behind the recent restoration of the Mentzendorff House (Latvian: Mencendorfa Nams) in the center of Riga, Latvia, which today is a branch of the Riga Museum of History and Navigation. Below is an embedded panorama:

The Mentzendorff’s House in Riga

I first met Loeber when he was a visiting Professor of Law at Stanford University Law School while I was still a law school student. We became friends and kept in close contact. Loeber himself was a consummate expert on Russia, and when he visited me in New York City in 1974 to invite me to work with him in Kiel, he predicted that the then Soviet Union (the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, also called the USSR) would fall apart within the next 20 years. Had I not believed his prognostication, I would never have left the United States to come to Europe. As it turned out, less than 20 years later, in 1991, the Soviet Union in fact ceased to exist, and the Baltic States regained their independence, just as Loeber had predicted. He viewed this development as inevitable, and, it would appear now, in an era of the global sharing of knowledge and information, as irreversible. The old days could never return. Something new was coming, and had to come.

Loeber spoke fluent Russian, German, Latvian and English, and also had articles published in French and Italian. During the Cold War he visited the Soviet Union as often as he could, but never as much as he would have liked, following his various academic pursuits. As he himself stated about his trips to the USSR: “This is my field. I have to know what I am talking and writing about”.

Loeber was a hands-on academic of the old school, the likes of which are probably seldom found at universities today. When Loeber was in Moscow in the Soviet era, he bought and wore Russian clothes, so that he would not stick out from the crowd. He was a good listener and a good observer, and returned from his Eastern sojourns with new academic insights. Whenever he heard thoughts and theories on Russia and Eastern Europe that he found to be removed from reality, Loeber would say something like, “Tjaa…. I was there. I am not sure.” Loeber, ever the diplomat, seldom contradicted his colleagues in the field openly, even when he disagreed. This diplomacy and his ability to keep things to himself made him a welcome guest everywhere.

Loeber’s main academic treasure was his immense private library on Russian, Soviet, East European and Baltic law. Whenever he found an academic book or other resource that he considered to be important to have, he would buy it or trade for it by offering Western books or other goods that were lacking in the East. Life in Russia and Eastern Europe in those days was very much a give-and-take proposition. As Donald D. Barry writes in the Foreword to Law and the Gorbachev Era: Essays in Honor of Dietrich André Loeber:

On a visit to his home near Hamburg in 1962 I first got the chance to see and use his personal library — without a doubt one of the handful of great repositories of materials on Russian and Soviet law outside of the USSR. Loeber always had not only an encyclopedic knowledge of legal sources, both common and scarce, but also the great ability to hunt down and acquire even the rarest of them.

Much of that library found its way to the East after the year 1991, thanks to Loeber’s donation of his books and resources. At the same time, Loeber also produced some marvelous books of his own. As Barry writes:

[H]is early training and interest in international law culminat[ed] in his magisterial East-West Trade”.

See Dietrich Andre Loeber, East-West Trade: A Sourcebook on the International Economic Relations of Socialist Countries and Their Legal Aspects, (No. 60, 4 volumes, 2304 pages, Oceana Publications, Dobbs Ferry, 1976-1977. ISBN-13: 9780379004854 ISBN: 0379004852. This book was created and published in the period that I was at the Institute, and I had a great deal of pleasure in those years to help André put together the materials and to edit that book.

What would André (for so Dietrich Andre Loeber was called privately) say about the current Western view of Russia and Eastern Europe? Here is what he wrote in Regional and National Variations: The Baltic Factor (published in Toward the “Rule of Law” in Russia. Political and Legal Reform in the Transition Period, edited by Donald D. Barry, pp. 77-92, revised papers from a conference held at Lehigh University, May 30-June 1, 1991. Published by M.E. Sharpe, 1992. ISBN 1563240653, 9781563240652. 402 pages):

The concept of pravovoe gosudarstvo [footnote 1: The terms pravovoe gosudarstvo, Rechtsstaat, law-based state, and the literal translation “legal state” are used in this paper synonymously.”] is now hailed as progressive and “socialist” in the Soviet Union after having been denounced for almost seven decades as a device of the reactionary classes. A veritable avalanche of journal article and books has begun to be published on the subject. One aspect in the heated debate has been largely ignored–regional variations. I am not aware of any single Soviet piece of research addressing this issue explicitly. This is surprising since we are justified in expecting such variations. In the West, for instance, we do not have a uniform concept of Rechtsstaat, but witness several types at work, one of them being the rule-of-law concept in common law countries.

In order to detect different concepts of the pravovoe gosudarstvo within the Soviet Union, one would have to scan publications of all regions with potential variations … at least fifteen legal subsystems could be identified tentatively….

Russia, the Ukraine (including the former area of the Don Cossacks and the North Bukovina, a former Romanian territory), Belorussia (both the Ukraine and Belorussia with former Polish territories);

Estonia and Latvia (which – similar to Finland – lived under a separate legal system until 1917), and Lithuania, now jointly known as Baltic states;

Moldova (including Bessarabia);

Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia in the Caucasus;

the five republics in Soviet Central Asia.

… [LawPundit: note that these are the regions between whom the most recent conflicts have arisen]

E. Ridamae, an author in Estonia [writes]:

As regards pravovoe gosudarstvo, we are probably still at the level of pronouncing declarations from high tribunes…. Let us remember how (socialist) legality was devalued: Despite its permanent strengthening and safeguarding, it became a mass (socialist) lawlessness, as it turns out now after the fact (zadnim chislom). We probably do not yet know what a pravovoe gosudarstvo actually means….First we have to find out…how to liquidate collisions between the right of self-determination and superpower interests.” [footnote 89, “Glassnost’, demokratiia, Sovetskaia vlast’, pravovoe gosudarstvo,” Sovetskoe pravo (Talinn) 1989 No. 4, 219-222, 222]

This point was missed by John Lloyd, writing in the Financial Times in 1990. For him the “process of the creation of a law-governed state in the Soviet Union is the success story of the five years of President Mikhail Gorbachev. Not just successful: breathtakingly successful.” Ridamae, I submit, is closer to reality than John Lloyd.[footnote 90, “Law-Governed State”, Financial Times, 12 March 1990, VIII.]

And so, by wisdom of hindsight, Loeber can be seen to have been right again. The rule of law will not come so quickly to the East in spite of democratic claims to the contrary, because it is a concept not seen equally by all nations or in all regions. Only when this is understood and sensibly applied in a nation-state context, can true progress toward the sustained rule of law in Russia and Eastern Europe be made in the long term. It will never be the same as in the West.

Dmitry Medvedev : President of Russia : Video Blog at the Kremlin

We found it educational that the current President of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, has a video blog, with English subtitles. For someone who grew up during the “Cold War” era, the idea there there is now a domain is really quite remarkable, and shows how very far forward Russia and much of Eastern Europe have developed.

Nevertheless, it is still a cause for concern that numerous people in the West do not accurately understand Russia and the countries of Eastern Europe. This group sometimes even includes some of the people who profess to be experts on this area of the world. Indeed, in past years it was always puzzling to this observer that the governments of Western nations did not pay nearly enough attention to people who did have some hands-on knowledge about Russia and Eastern Europe, but who – certainly in the past – appeared to be seldom consulted about that knowledge.

In fact, when one reads what Western academics, politicians and mainstream journalists write and say about Russia and Eastern Europe even today, it is clear that some of them often have avoidable knowledge deficits which could be greatly improved by consulting people with direct contacts to the countries in question. Lack of accurate information has the negative potential of affecting world political relations, which are consequently sometimes built upon exaggerated ideological differences and avoidable military conflicts rather than on down-to-earth issues involving practical world economic, social and legal realities.

In this regard, take a look at our next posting.

Maureen Dowd at the New York Times Gives a Modern Twist to the Gaelic Saying : Never Bolt the Door with a Boiled Carrot : AIG Forces Obama "Change"

When a Presidential candidate runs on the slogan of “change“, the first person who is going to have to prove that “change” has arrived is that same candidate when he gets elected.

The A.I.G. bonus scandal is proving to be the first precedent-setting playing field for determining whether Obama and his team mean serious business in diverting the country from the ruinous economic path taken by the Bush administration and the financial mercenaries it supported.

Maureen Dowd at the New York Times in No Boiled Carrots invokes the old Gaelic saying, “never bolt a door with a boiled carrot“, in warning the Obama administration that they are in extremely serious trouble if they do not act quickly and effectively to assuage what Dowd calls “the fury of ordinary Americans … at those who continue to plunder our economy.

Hat tip to CaryGEE.

The Intellectual Property Colloquium on Patents Copyrights and Technology : Free CLE Podcast on IP : Professor Doug Lichtman : UCLA Law School

We are very impressed by the digital legal innovation that is apparent at UCLA Law School. They seem to have a law faculty at the cutting edge.

One of their new online innovations is by Professor Doug Lichtman, who has “started a free CLE podcast on intellectual property topics“. We find this to be really great so we are spreading the word.

The website is Intellectual Property Colloquium.
Go there now and check it out.

The graphic below is ONLY a scan of ours. The controls are not operative.
Go to Intellectual Property Colloquium to try it out.

NOT OPERATIVE. GO TO Intellectual Property Colloquium
As Doug Lichtman writes:

[E]ach month we post an hour-long conversation about an important patent, copyright, or technology topic. The format varies, but typically the show is built around one or several conversations between me and relevant guests. Our January show, for instance, was a one-on-one discussion with the Chief Judge of the Federal Circuit about his court and how it is helping to evolve patent law. Our current show is an, uhm, lively thirty-minute conversation about copyright law’s statutory damages regime between me and Harvard’s Charlie Nesson, followed by clips from four other interviews I did with relevant academics and even the General Counsel of the RIAA. Our very first show was a live show with Fred von Lohmann of the EFF, me, and an audience of about thirty people, including students and faculty at UCLA.

One charm of the site is that we offer completely free CLE credit to lawyers who listen. All of our previous shows qualify in New York, California, Texas, Illinois, and Washington, and we plan to add more states later this year. That’s not itself a reason to listen, obviously, but it is an added perk for lawyers who might need that extra nudge in order to justify spending the time.

I’m really excited with the shows (we are getting better all the time)….

The site is at You can download or stream the shows from there, and there is also an archive of our older shows in case any of those might catch your eye as good blog fodder.

Sounds good.